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Subject-verb agreement is a crucial element of proper grammar. It is the relationship between a subject and verb in a sentence, and their agreement in number and person. This means that if the subject of a sentence is singular, the verb must also be singular, and if the subject is plural, the verb must also be plural. In this article, we will be discussing the rules of subject-verb agreement and how to use them effectively.

1. Singular subjects take singular verbs: When the subject of a sentence is singular, the verb that follows must also be singular. For example, “The dog barks” is correct, while “The dog bark” is incorrect.

2. Plural subjects take plural verbs: When the subject of a sentence is plural, the verb that follows must also be plural. For example, “The dogs bark” is correct, while “The dogs barks” is incorrect.

3. Compound subjects take plural verbs: When the subject of a sentence is a compound subject (two or more subjects joined by “and”), the verb that follows must be plural. For example, “The dog and the cat run” is correct, while “The dog and the cat runs” is incorrect.

4. Indefinite pronouns take singular verbs: When an indefinite pronoun (such as anyone, someone, everyone, nobody) is used as the subject of a sentence, the verb that follows must be singular. For example, “Everyone loves ice cream” is correct, while “Everyone love ice cream” is incorrect.

5. Collective nouns can take singular or plural verbs: Collective nouns (such as team, family, group) can take either a singular or plural verb, depending on whether the group is being treated as a single unit or as individuals. For example, “The team is playing well” (as a single unit) and “The team are wearing their jerseys” (as individuals) are both correct.

6. Inverted sentences: When a sentence begins with a negative word (such as never, rarely, seldom), the verb that follows must be positive. For example, “Never have I seen such a beautiful sunset” is correct, while “Never has I seen such a beautiful sunset” is incorrect.

It is important to note that subject-verb agreement is not always straightforward, and some sentences can be more complex than others. However, by following these basic rules, you can ensure that your writing is grammatically correct and effective. Remember to always read your sentences aloud to ensure that they flow well and make sense.

In conclusion, subject-verb agreement is a crucial aspect of proper grammar that cannot be ignored. By following these simple rules, you can avoid common mistakes in your writing and produce clear and effective communication. So, keep these rules in mind, and your writing will be sure to impress.

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